Standalone and useful Shell Scripts for Linux

Overview

This repository contains various Ma_Sys.ma shell scripts used with MDVL. They are indented to be runnable independently of each other although some synergies may exist (e.g.: ma_cryptvol can optionally use deltamount).

Non-MDVL-users may find it interesting to use and adapt the individual script files rather than installing all of them.

The following scripts are available:

boxes Display boxes of text characters in the terminal.
deltamount Create a bind-mountpoint where changes go to a separate directory.
find_double_windows_filenames Detect names which only differ wrt. uppercase/lowercase.
gimp_convert_to_indexed Batch-convert .tga files to indexed .png files.
ma_cryptvol Mount and umount encrypted volumes.
ma_rename_normalize Recursively rename files.
ma_scrmir Invoke xrandr to mirror screen to beamer.
ma_vnc_over_ssh Connect to remote system by VNC tunnelled through ssh.
rmbc Detect Windows-copies of files and move them to subdirectories.
scrapbook_overview Generate XHTML overview pages for directories with websites.
set_xdev_enabled Enable or disable ceratin X11 devices.
src_analyze Generate very simple line number reports for source trees.
virshmigtui Interactively migrate VMs between hosts.

Boxes

Synopsis

boxes

Description

ASCII and Unicode art at its finest. This script displays boxes made of various characters. This may inspire the user to decide for/against using any of them in own shell scripts. The boxes are given in colorful sections, but the essence is as follows:

────────────── ┌────────────┐ ╔════════════╗ ■■■■■■■■■■■■■■ ██████████████
│ TESTBOX 01 │ │ TESTBOX 02 │ ║ TESTBOX 03 ║ ■ TESTBOX 04 ■ █ TESTBOX 05 █
────────────── └────────────┘ ╚════════════╝ ■■■■■■■■■■■■■■ ██████████████
▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀ ▄▄▄▄▄▄▄▄▄▄▄▄▄▄ ◘◘◘◘◘◘◘◘◘◘◘◘◘◘ ░░░░░░░░░░░░░░ ▒▒▒▒▒▒▒▒▒▒▒▒▒▒
▌ TESTBOX 06 ▐ ▌ TESTBOX 07 ▐ ◘ TESTBOX 08 ◘ ░ TESTBOX 09 ░ ▒ TESTBOX 10 ▒
▄▄▄▄▄▄▄▄▄▄▄▄▄▄ ▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀ ◘◘◘◘◘◘◘◘◘◘◘◘◘◘ ░░░░░░░░░░░░░░ ▒▒▒▒▒▒▒▒▒▒▒▒▒▒
▓▓▓▓▓▓▓▓▓▓▓▓▓▓
▓ TESTBOX 11 ▓
▓▓▓▓▓▓▓▓▓▓▓▓▓▓

************** -------------- ############## ++++++++++++++ ==============
* TESTBOX XX * | TESTBOX YY | # TESTBOX ZZ # + TESTBOX AA +   TESTBOX BB
************** -------------- ############## ++++++++++++++ ==============
°°°°°°°°°°°°°° ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ """""""""""""" ////////////// \\\\\\\\\\\\\\
° TESTBOX CC °   TESTBOX YY     TESTBOX YY   / TESTBOX YY / \ TESTBOX YY \
°°°°°°°°°°°°°° ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ """""""""""""" ////////////// \\\\\\\\\\\\\\

xxxxxxxxxxxxxx XXXXXXXXXXXXXX mmmmmmmmmmmmmm iiiiiiiiiiiiii IIIIIIIIIIIIII
x TESTBOX CC x X TESTBOX YY X   TESTBOX YY   i TESTBOX YY i I TESTBOX YY I
xxxxxxxxxxxxxx XXXXXXXXXXXXXX mmmmmmmmmmmmmm iiiiiiiiiiiiii IIIIIIIIIIIIII
wwwwwwwwwwwwww 11111111111111 llllllllllllll iiiiiiiiiiiiii IIIIIIIIIIIIII
w TESTBOX CC w 1 TESTBOX YY 1 l TESTBOX YY l i TESTBOX YY i I TESTBOX YY I
wwwwwwwwwwwwww 11111111111111 llllllllllllll iiiiiiiiiiiiii IIIIIIIIIIIIII
WWWWWWWWWWWWWW MMMMMMMMMMMMMM uuuuuuuuuuuuuu UUUUUUUUUUUUUU oooooooooooooo
W TESTBOX CC W M TESTBOX YY M u TESTBOX YY u U TESTBOX YY U o TESTBOX YY o
WWWWWWWWWWWWWW MMMMMMMMMMMMMM uuuuuuuuuuuuuu UUUUUUUUUUUUUU oooooooooooooo
OOOOOOOOOOOOOO 00000000000000 VVVVVVVVVVVVVV vvvvvvvvvvvvvv zzzzzzzzzzzzzz
O TESTBOX CC O 0 TESTBOX YY 0 V TESTBOX YY V v TESTBOX YY v   TESTBOX YY  
OOOOOOOOOOOOOO 00000000000000 VVVVVVVVVVVVVV vvvvvvvvvvvvvv zzzzzzzzzzzzzz

See also

Deltamount

Synopsis

deltamount src dest [delta]

Description

This script uses aufs(5) from package aufs-tools to create a writeable directoy which contains the files from src. Unlike a normal bind-mount, the changes made to the files in dests are not written back to src but instead to a third directory called delta.

If delta is not given, a temporary directory will automatically be created for it.

See also

aufs(5)

Find Double Windows Filenames

Synopsis

find_double_windows_file_names

Description

This script is an alias for the following pipeline:

 find . | tr A-Z a-z | sort | uniq -d

It checks if any file or directory names exist that would be considered “equal” on platforms whose file systems do not act case-sensitive (like Windows).

Rationale

This script is most useful when merging multiple directories of the same folder structure that originates from a Windows platform.

A typical example is the installation of game mods for Windows games: They often come in case-sensitive 7z-files and after extraction the files do not become part of the original game’s file structure but rather add a new directory besides the existing one that only differs in its writing (like. DATA vs. Data vs. data etc.).

When running applications in Wine, they will only see one of the respective directories. Hence the need to avoid this situation.

See also

ma_rename_normalize (documentation further below).

Gimp Convert to Indexed

Synposis

gimp_convert_to_indexed [INDICES]

Description

Processes all .tga files in the current directory and converts them to indexed PNG files. The default number of indices is 8 unless otherwise given as parameter.

Rationale

This script is useful to convert scanned images to indexed PNGs. Gimp has been found to produce better output results than ImageMagick in this case.

See also

convert(1)

Cryptvol

Synopsis

ma_cryptvol
ma_cryptvol --init device
ma_cryptvol --mountcryptvol device mountpoint [delta] [submount] [devicename]

Description

This script is a wrapper around cryptsetup+LUKS to manage encrypted devices on Linux. It has three forms of invocation. By default, it attempts to mount the device specified in ~/.mdvl/cryptvol.conf that needs to be prepared by the user.

Alternatively, the --mountcyrptvol option can be used to mount the device directly without preparing a configuration file. Finally, --init allows for existing partitions to be formatted with encryption.

Options

--init

Initializes a device node for use with cryptsetup+LUKS. This includes temporarily mounting the formatted device and filling the whole file system with random binary data (up to 4 TiB) by running big4(32). This process will interactively ask for the user’s passphrase. Additionally, two directories data and delta will be created on the new encrypted file system.

--mountcryptvol

Manually mounts an encrypted volume. By default, only a device file and mountpoint are needed. In case deltamount is to be instantiated for the target filesystem, parameters delta, submount and devicename can be used as follows:

delta
Boolean to enable deltamount capabilities. Value 1 enables deltamount, value 0 bypasses ist.
submount
Directory to use for the actual (non-delta-mounted) file system.
devicename
Configures a name for the encrypted volume. Use a single file name without any path parts (e.g.: mydevicename would be a valid name).

Files

File ~/.mdvl/cryptvol.conf is sourced into ma_cryptvol and can contain the following properties:

CRYPTVOL_UUID
UUID from /dev/disk/by-uuid to identify the encrypted volume with.
CRYPTVOL_MOUNTPOINT
Mountpoint to mount the encrypted volume to. If deltamount is enabled, this directory’s changes do not directly go to the data directory but are stored in deltainstread.
CRYPTVOL_DELTA
See delta above.
CRYPTVOL_SUBMOUNT
See submount above.
CRYPTVOL_DEVICE_NAME
See devicename above.

Environment Variables

MDVL_CRYPTVOL_CONF
When set, this file is used instead of ~/.mdvl/cryptvol.conf.

See also

Rename Normalize (DANGEROUS)

Synopsis

ma_rename_normalize [-l] [-a] [-x] [-s] [-c]

Description

This script recursively (!) renames all files below the current working directory to conform to a certain naming style. Examples include: Changing file names to lowercase or removing spaces.

This script is dangerous: Be sure not to invoke it on directory trees that are part of the operating system because most likely this will cause the OS to cease functioning! This script is mostly indented to rename files received from Windows hosts or other users that may contain characters which are difficult to process in commandline environments.

Special characters are replaced by x; spaces are replaced by _.

Whenever files would be overwritten by the renaming, the user is interactively queried for a choice to resolve the problem.

Options

-l
Convert all file names to lowercase.
-a
Remove german Umlaute (äöüÄÖÜß).
-x
Remove most symbol characters.
-s
Remove spaces (replace by _)
-c
Replace space|minus|space sequences by a single _. This is useful when processing audio files which often use such naming.
-n
Print changes rather than applying them. Unless you are experienced with using this script, you are higly recommeded to USE THIS OPTION before running without -n!

Rationale

This script can be used to resolve the conflicts detected by find_double_windows_file_names. For these usecases, it is recommended to only use parameter -l (and -n).

This script is very talkative on the console output due to the high potential for accidentially destroying something.

Bugs and Future Directions

It is currently not possible to filter out certain unicode abnominations (most notably: non-0x20 spaces and emojis) or filesnames which are not even unicode. This is due to the fact that a blacklist-style approach to filter out certain characters and sequences is used. Such a feature may be added if found necessary in the future.

See also

Screen Mirroring

Synopsis

ma_scrmir

Description

This script is intended to detect externally connected beamers/screens and switch to mirroring – a mode that may be suitable for presentations and live demonstrations of programs.

Bugs

It is expected that this automatism may fail in certain cases. Revert to using xrandr directly, then.

See also

xrandr(1)

VNC Over SSH

Synopsis

ma_vnc_over_ssh TARGET [SSHPARAMS [WM [REMOTE_DNR [LOCAL_DNR [DY [DX [VNCOPT]]]]]]]

Description

This script connects to a remote host over SSH, runs a VNC server and then connects securely (i.e. over SSH) to the remotely started VNC server. Upon closing the window, the remote VNC server will be stopped.

Options

All configuration needs to be passed by positional parameters. The script’s code is such that it expects the parameters at fixed positions and hence, it is not possible to specify one of the “later” options while leaving out some of the “earilier” ones.

TARGET
SSH server (user@hostname) to connect to.
SSHPARAMS
Additional parameters to use for ssh. Can be used to specify a custom identity file or different SSH server port etc.
WM
Window manager (e.g. /usr/bin/icewm) to invoke on the target machine. If not specified, the server’s default will be used.
REMOTE_DNR
X11 display number to use on the remote machine. Defaults to 41 (DISPLAY=:41)
LOCAL_DNR
X11 display number to use on the local machine. Defaults to 2 (DISPLAY=:2)
DY and DX
Number of pixels to subtract from screen size to calculate the VNC server’s screen dimension. It makes sense to set this to a value such that all window decorations/panels etc. are subtracted. Defaults to DX=4, DY=40.
VNCOPT
Additional parameters to pass to xtightvncviewer.

Rationale

SSH X-forwarding is much easier to use than VNC although the latter has some distinctive advantages. On the downside, it does not encrypt securely by default and it is easy to accidentally hog resources by leaving remote VNC sessions open. To make VNC (almost) as easy to use as SSH X-forwarding, this script was devised.

See also

Recursive Ma_Sys.ma Backup Copy (RMBC)

Synopsis

rmbc

Description

This is a specialized script to process directories containing Windows-explorer copies in format Kopie (YYY) von ZZZ where YYY is a number and ZZZ the original filename. The script identifies them and moves them to a directory called backup_copies and adds the number YYY to the highest number already in backup_copies to generate the name for new backup copies.

By default, rmbc works on the current working directory only unless configured differently by rmbc_pre

Rationale

This script was developed for working in a (German) Windows virtual machine with a program that does not support undo hence causing the need for frequent backup copies to emulate such a behaviour.

Files

rmbc_pre
A hook file that is sourced before processing. It can set various configuration values including the ability to enable recursive operation.
rmbc_post
A hook file that is sourced after processing all files.

Configuration values (default values)

BAK (.bak)
File extension to use for backup copies
DST (backup_copies)
Directory to move backup copies to
RECURSE (false)
Whether to act recursively or only on the present working directory.
POST (./rmbc_post)
Name of the hook to invoke after processing.
MV (mvdot)
Command to invoke for renaming files. By default, it uses shell function mvdot (declared in rmbc) which will print a . for each file moved.

ScrapBook Overview

Synopsis

scrapbook_overview

Description

This script scans the current directory for HTML files stored in certain file structures as produced by the old ScrapBook Firefox Extension and later the WebScrapBook extension. Additionally, it can be configured to process non-ScrapBook entries (with limited capabilities), too.

From all the files recognized, it compiles a single XHTML page that links to all the respective files. This can be used to generate overview pages that make finding the relevant pages easier.

Files

File overview_conf.sh is sourced and can configure the following variables (defaults listed in parentheses).

OUTPUT_FILE (overview.xhtml)
File name to write results to
APPEND_NON_SCRAPBOOK_ENTRIES (false)
Configure to append arbitrary files found in subdirectories.
SORT_AFTER_PREFIX (false)
Configure to add “sections” to the tabular output to distinguish different directories.
WEBSCRAPBOOK (false)
Configure to extract titles from index.html files in subdirectories (compatible with the WebScrapBook Firefox extension’s format). Note that this cannot be combined with APPEND_NON_SCRAPBOOK_ENTRIES

Examples

Consider the following file structure. All HTML files have been downloaded with extension SavePageWE. For the files in subdir1, the original file name was retained; for subdir2, a file was renamed to index.html to emulate the structure from WebScrapBook.

./
  |
  +-- subdir1/
  |    |
  |    +-- 20201021181948zfsspeed.html
  |    |
  |    +-- 20201025144823neomutt.html
  |    |
  |    +-- 20201025145041mutt.html
  |
  +-- subdir2/
  |    |
  |    +-- index.html
  |
  +-- overview_conf.sh

Variant 1: Empty (or no) overview_conf.sh

This generates an empty overveiw.xhtml because none of the files in the directory structure originate from the original ScrapBook extension.

Variant 2: Set WEBSCRAPBOOK=true

overview_conf.sh is as follows:

WEBSCRAPBOOK=true

Output listing is as follows:

Directory Title
subdir1  
subdir2 Big list of http static server one-liners - GitHub

One can see that it did not add any of the files from subdir1 because there was no index.html. For subdir2, however, the title was extracted properly and added to the overview table.

Variant 3: Set APPEND_NON_SCRAPBOOK_ENTRIES=true

overview_conf.sh is as follows:

APPEND_NON_SCRAPBOOK_ENTRIES=true

Output listing is as follows:

Directory Title
subdir1 20201021181948zfsspeed.html
subdir1 20201025144823neomutt.html
subdir1 20201025145041mutt.html
subdir2 index.html

One can see that titles are not recognized, but all files are added to (and linked from) the overview.

Bugs

This shell script’s coding style is awful!

See Also

Set Xdev Enabled

Synopsis

set_xdev_enabled PATTERN <0|1>

Description

Enabling and disabling X11 input devices can be a little tricky. This script provides an interface that can accept IDs (id=... pattern) as well as names.

Use xinput list to find out which inputs can be controlled this way.

Rationale

Normally, it should not be necessary to enable/disable X11 devices. However, some old Laptop’s tracksticks malfunction and move the mouse pointer all the time making mouse control impossible. It helps to disable their associated input device and attach an external USB mouse.

See Also

xinput(1)

Src Analyze

Synopsis

src_analyze [PATTERN]

Description

This script is a more primitive version of the widely known cloc utility. It attempts to recursively count source code lines. Unlike cloc, however, it includes counting empty lines and it does not automatically detect programming language, but relies on a user-supplied pattern to search for files.

The report also reports each individual file size and is thus expected to help with finding overly large source code files.

By default, it looks for *.java, i.e. scans for Java code.

Example

Here is a sample output comparing cloc and src_analyze for the big4(32)-Repository:

.../bo-big$ src_analyze
SRC Analyze 1.0.4, Copyright (c) 2013, 2020 Ma_Sys.ma.
For further info send an e-mail to Ma_Sys.ma@web.de.

Listing ./latest

322 ./latest/Big4.java

Listing ./legacy

   23 ./legacy/Benchmark.java
   85 ./legacy/Big.java
  129 ./legacy/Big2.java
  172 ./legacy/Big3.java
  409 total

SUM = 731 lines.

.../bo-big$ cloc .
       9 text files.
       9 unique files.
       2 files ignored.

github.com/AlDanial/cloc v 1.81  T=0.04 s (217.6 files/s, 25488.3 lines/s)
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Language                     files          blank        comment           code
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Java                             5             74             16            641
Markdown                         1             31              0            131
Ant                              1              7              3             32
Bourne Shell                     1              0              0              2
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
SUM:                             8            112             19            806
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Note that 641+16+74 = 731 i.e. while cloc reports lines by different types, it computes the same sum value if blanks and comments are included!

See also

cloc(1)

VirshMigTUI

Synopsis

vishmigtui

Description

This script provides a terminal user interface (TUI) for migrating virtual machines between different host systems using virsh. It has an interactive interface realized by means of the dialog utility and scans a local virt-manager.log file for the different connection strings that may be used to connect to remote systems.

Unlike the virt-manager GUI, it only allows doing offline migrations i.e. requires the VM to be shut down first. These can be performed quickly if both virtual machine hosts are accessing the VMs in the same storage location and on the same backend (e.g. NFS).

Rationale

This script was created to work around some issues with the live migration feature and is expected to become obsolete once the live migration works properly. If live migrations work for you, do not use it!

See also


Ma_Sys.ma Website 5 (1.0.0) – no Flash, no JavaScript, no Webfont, no Copy Protection, no Mobile First. No bullshit. No GUI needed. Works with any browser.

Created: 2020/10/26 22:02:08 | Revised: 2021/01/03 16:02:07 | Tags: mdvl, shell, script, linux, virt-manager | Version: 1.0.0 | SRC (Pandoc MD) | GPL

Copyright (c) 2020 Ma_Sys.ma. For further info send an e-mail to Ma_Sys.ma@web.de.

This program is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU General Public License for more details.
You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along with this program. If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.